Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. The gums become red, irritated, swollen where they are usually firm and pale pink. They can bleed easily, especially when brushing teeth. Gingivitis is very common. Sometimes asymptomatic, it can change, if it is not dealt with in a timely manner, and it can become severe and difficult to treat other diseases such as periodontitis. If left untreated, the infection can overcome the gums, bones and surrounding tissues of the teeth. Treating gingivitis should be performed by Dentists in Mundelein.
Gingivitis is due to the presence of plaque. Plaque is a sticky film consisting mainly of bacteria, but it can also consist of salivary proteins, sugars and acids, which accumulates on teeth. This plaque thickens and hardens to form tartar if teeth are not brushed properly and regularly. This is the tartar which is responsible for the occurrence of gingivitis. The more tartar present on the teeth, the more it attacks the gums. The best way to fight against gingivitis is to have good oral hygiene, which includes brushing teeth regularly. This simple act makes it possible to remove plaque and reverse the progression of gum disease.
A diagnosis can only be made by Dentists in Mundelein. The professional looks at the teeth and gums. They will also do an x-ray to see if the bones are affected.
The primary cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene that favors the formation of dental plaque. Using tobacco, alcohol and certain medications can also contribute to the disease. Even poorly positioned dentures can also be responsible for inflammation of the gums.
Gingivitis is the initial stage of periodontal disease. If the infection progresses, it can reach deeper and develop into more serious conditions that may result in tooth loss. Poor dental hygiene also has adverse effects on health, in general.
Gingivitis can be associated with respiratory disorders as well. The bacteria in plaque can travel from the mouth to the lungs and cause infection or worsen already present lung disease. There is also a link between gum disease and diabetes. Diabetes may be more difficult to control because of the increased presence of bacteria transmitted through blood, which increases blood sugar levels. Browse the Website of North Suburban Dental of Mundelein for more information.